The control of inflammation is the holy grail of modern medicine. Inflammation underpins most of the degenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease, arthritis and Alzheimer's disease, as well as the big killer, cardiovascular disease. It shows up as chronic infection and loss of organ function, it is disabling and painful, and it is managed poorly by most modern medications, and in fact by modern medicine itself.
The medications used to control inflammation such as steroids like cortisone and non--steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Celebrex and aspirin are all problematic because they are unsustainable in the long term without serious injury. If you gave most general practitioners the choice of one magic pill, I'm pretty convinced that pill would be one that eliminated inflammation without adverse effects.
Inflammation used to be considered to require four signs – rubor, calor, dolor and tumor – redness, heat, pain and swelling. This is not always true, especially in so-called neuritis with the nervous system or its surrounds are inflamed but have a different type of cell in place of the inflammatory peripheral immune cells.
Inflammation is not as disorganised as it may seem, however. Dietary agents derived from animals and plants, known collectively as omega-3 fatty acids, are metabolised to wonderfully powerful anti-inflammatory and protective agents known as protectins, resolvins and neuro-protectins. Plenty of omega threes seems to be an answer to reducing inflammation and protecting the most vulnerable organ of all – the brain – from the harms associated with inflammation.
There are many other nutritional and supplemental agents, as well as the many drugs that can quench the fire of neuroinflammation, and many others that can help restore normal function after inflammatory damage.